It seems the only time we think of our sinuses is when there’s something wrong with them. Our sinuses consist of 4 pair of hollow spaces known as cavities in our skull on both sides of our nose, between our eyes and above our eyebrows. Your sinuses primarily filter and humidify the air we breathe before it reaches the lungs The mucus in our sinuses act as moist traps for unwanted substances and keeps the nose, sinus, and mouth tissues from drying out and cracking.
Our sinuses also contribute to the sound of our voices through resonance. They increase in size as we grow which affects our voice and why we sound different when they are congested. These are you sinus cavities:
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinus cavities. Any of the four sets of sinuses can become inflamed. This inflammation can be caused by bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Sinus inflammation from allergies is known as allergic rhinitis. When the membranes of the sinuses become inflamed and infected, it results in a variety of symptoms:
The doctors at First Physicians will examine you and take your medical history to determine the cause. Depending on your diagnosis, they will choose the best course of action and treatment specific to you. For example, if your doctor determines that allergies are causing your sinusitis, they may prescribe oral antihistamines, a saline nasal spray, a steroid nasal spray and possibly a mucolytic (an oral medicine that thins out the nasal mucus) and a decongestant. If your doctor determines that you have a bacterial infection causing your sinusitis, you may be prescribed an oral antibiotic.